From earliest times people treated their ailments with plants. Some medicinal plants and their use is familiar to us for centuries, but every day people are finding new applications and useful properties seemingly familiar plants. Now anyone can download a free lesson, research paper, term paper, presentation, synopsis, project, report encyclopedia on the theme “medicinal plants”. But here self-treatment without consulting a specialist you must not do, especially when it comes to serious diseases. It turns out that there are absolutely not only useful, but poisonous and medicinal plants should be used and dosed with knowledge of the case.
The collection of medicinal plants was conducted in Egypt, China, India, even three thousand years before our era. In the beginning of our era also was collected in ancient Greece and Rome, in Iran, on the territory of modern Georgia and Armenia and in the countries of Central Asia. People were riddles about medicinal plants, because they were interested in medicinal properties and applications. The first written evidence is a sign that belongs to the Sumerian civilization. It contains fifteen recipes of healing from various ailments, based on mustard, thyme, pine and fir, as well as the fruits of plum, pear, and other trees.
The modern list of medicinal plants of Ukraine, Russia, Crimea, Kuban,Siberia, the Urals and other regions has several thousand times more names of plants and their use. They include medicinal plants of the red book, which is not used today in medicine, and are cultivated and grown artificial means to extend life on our planet.
And here herbs in medicine of ancient India recorded in their sacred Scriptures Ayurveda. It contains over eight hundred references about various medicinal plants and their uses, the Indians and many other peoples use to this day. So, each country has its own peculiarities and characteristic features of treatment of medicinal plants. This is due, primarily, various climatic factors and flora of different regions. Thus, a medicinal plant, the dandelion, nettle, mother and stepmother, St. John’s wort, dogrose, aloe – representatives of the understandable and familiar to us alternative medicine in our region. Especially friends from childhood is a medicinal plant plantain. But among them, you may notice aloe – unusual plant, which was recorded from subtropical and arid regions. Thus, different groups of medicinal plants from different countries and continents can overlap and travel the world.
The cultivation of medicinal plants is performed under the control of the state. There are special rules for collection of medicinal plants and their storage. Special attention is paid to radiological control. But the best and optimal harvesting of medicinal plants should be carried out in their natural habitat. Artificially planted medicinal plants often do not have those properties, which have their wild brethren. Therefore, all the more valuable become the inflorescences, leaves and roots of medicinal plants that are wild.